Physical properties of JP-5 fuel at elevated temperatures

  • 59 Pages
  • 2.46 MB
  • English
Airplanes --
Statementby James Richard Welty.
The Physical Object
Pagination59 leaves, bound :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14298994M

Suggested Citation:"PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF MILITARY FUELS."National Research Council. Permissible Exposure Levels for Selected Military Fuel gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Jet Fuel JP - 5 MSDS No.

from exposed skin areas. Waterless hand cleaners are effective. Promptly remove contaminated clothing and launder before reuse. Use care when laundering to prevent the formation of flammable vapors which could ignite via washer or dryer.

Consider the need to discard contaminated leather shoes and gloves. Size: 41KB. AVIATION FUELAviation fuel is the fuel used to power aircraft in flight.

It must satisfy the unique requirements of both the engine and the airframe of the aircraft. Currently the great majority (more than 99%) of aviation fuel used in both civil and military aircraft is jet fuel. A small quantity of aviation gasoline is still used in small aircraft.

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James Richard Welty has written: 'Physical properties of JP-5 fuel at elevated temperatures' -- subject(s): Fuel, Airplanes Asked in History of England, England, London What fuel burnt in the. In this work, the physical properties of binary mixtures of n-hexadecane with toluene or ethylbenzene were measured.

Density and viscosity were measured at temperatures ranging from ( to ) K, and the speed of sound was measured at temperatures ranging from ( to ) K. Density mole fraction and temperature data were fit to a fourth-order by: An Engineering Guide to Modern Fuel Systems This publication is intended as a resource for designers, installers, and system operators.

In this document we highlight the typical indoor components and operational requirements of modern diesel fuel or fuel oil systems. Critical Fuel File Size: 2MB. We propose and discuss a mechanism for fuel-induced foam degradation based on our observations.

Our results show that fluorine-free RF6 degrades faster than AFFF (by a factor of 3 at room temperature and 12 at elevated temperatures over fuel), which may contribute to differences in Cited by: FUEL PROPERTIES Fuels, as for any other type of substance, can be assigned some physical and chemical properties (e.g.

density, thermal capacity, vapour pressure, chemical formula, etc. However, most of the times, combustion properties are also assigned to fuels, in spite of the fact that these properties depend on theFile Size: KB. Studies were made to determine effects of nuclear radiation at ambient reactor temperature (without fuel immersion and durhrg fuel immersion) upon specific physical properties of 3 sealing compounds, (EC, EC, PR), and 7 other materials.

Dean et. [40] performed shock tube experiments to study the ignition behaviour of Jet-A/air at elevated temperatures and pressures. The test were done within the temperature range of Abstract. Elastomers of potential interest for Physical properties of JP-5 fuel at elevated temperatures book aircraft tires including butyl, silicone rubber, heatstabie'' polyurethane, and Viton Awere studied to determine tensile, wire-cord adhesion, and air-permeability properties at temperatures ranging up to or deg F, and properties of interest in tire development, such as internal friction and running temperature.

JET FUELS: JP-4 JPF SATURATED LIQUID DENSITY Temperature (degrees F) Pounds per cubic foot 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 File Size: 16KB. The crude oil is refined into a number of different types of fuel. Jet A, JP -5, and JP-8 fuels may also information on the chemical and physical properties of these fuels is found in Chapter 4.

More information on the production and use of these fuels is found in Chapter 5. Toxicological Profile for JP-5, JP-8, and Jet A Fuels.

Jet fuel is a light petroleum distillate that is available in several forms suitable for use in various types of jet engines.

The major jet fuels used by the military are JP-4, JP-5, JP-6, JP-7 and JP Briefly, JP-4 is a wide-cut fuel developed for broad availability. JP-6 is a higher cut than JP-4 Cited by: 2.

2 Jet Propellant Fuels 5 and 8 1. Acute Exposure Guideline Levels. PREFACE. Under the authority of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) P.L. ofthe National Advisory Committee for Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances (NAC/AEGL Committee) has been established to identify, review, and interpret relevant toxicologic and other scientific data and develop AEGLs.

Characterization of the properties of diesel-base oil-solvent-waste oil blends used as generic fuel in diesel engines Article in Fuel Processing Technology August with Reads. JP-8, or JP8 (for "Jet Propellant 8") is a jet fuel, specified and used widely by the US is specified by MIL-DTL and British Defence Standardand similar to commercial aviation's Jet A-1, but with the addition of corrosion inhibitor and anti-icing additives.

A kerosene-based fuel, JP-8 is projected to remain in use at least until In this work, the physical properties of binary mixtures of n-dodecane with 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane or 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane were measured and compared to properties of four hydrotreated renewable jet (HRJ) and hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) fuels.

Density and viscosity were measured at temperatures ranging from ( to ) K, and the speed of sound was measured Cited by: Full text of "DTIC ADA Handbook of Aviation Fuel Properties" See other formats OTiC FILE COPY REPRODUCED FROM REST AVAILABLE COPY Coordinating Research Cc o o A A.• "w* i CRC Report No.


JP-5 THE POTENTIAL "UNIVERSAL FUEL AT SEA" Joseph T. Sermarini Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy B.A., Florida State University, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MANAGEMENT from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL June DUDLEY KNOX LIBRARY NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY.

Three of the fuels were traditional jet fuels (an average Jet-A, JP-5, and JP-8) and the remaining five fuels spanned a range of physical and kinetic properties. These experiments were performed at a combustor pressure of kPa and an air temperature of by: 7.

These are light fuel oils used for home heating, as a diesel engine fuel (including railroad engine fuel and fuel for agricultural machinery), and for electric power generation. 1 diesel fuel: A light distillate fuel oil that has distillation temperatures of degrees F at the percent point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM.

The primary objectives of this work were to formulate, blend, and characterize a set of four ultralow-sulfur diesel surrogate fuels in quantities sufficient to enable their study in single-cylinder-engine and combustion-vessel experiments.

The surrogate fuels feature increasing levels of compositional accuracy (i.e., increasing exactness in matching hydrocarbon structural characteristics Cited by: 22 Roberts et al.'6" have devised a quasi-global mechanism for the vapor-phase combustion of JP-5 fuel which they treat as C8Hi6.

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Their mechanism and rate constants, which take into ac- count the formation of a hypothetical intermediate aldehyde (C^sO), are given in Table 14 Kinetic calculations at combustion temperatures showed the. JP-5 JP-5 is a high flash point kerosine meeting the requirements of the U.S.

Military Specification MIL-PRFS Grade JP JP-5 also meets the requirements of the British Specification DEF STAN AVCAT/FSII (formerly DERD ). NATO Code F JP-8File Size: 82KB. Avgas (aviation gasoline, also known as aviation spirit in the UK) is an aviation fuel used in spark-ignited internal-combustion engines to propel aircraft.

Avgas is distinguished from mogas (motor gasoline), which is the everyday gasoline used in motor vehicles and some light aircraft.

Details Physical properties of JP-5 fuel at elevated temperatures FB2

Unlike mogas, which has been formulated since the s to allow the use of platinum-content catalytic. An inherent limitation of this notion results from the intermolecular interactions that occur among species present in a complex fluid such as a crude oil or finished fuel.

Thus, fundamental physical properties (thermodynamic and transport) have not been easily obtainable from a composition suite, however by: Polymer for which resistance to air and hot oil at temperatures above °F are required. Aging Accelerated aging tests are run on various rubbers to find out in as short a period as possible the destructive influence of light, oxygen, heat and ozone.

Natural or shelf aging requires many years for proper evaluation, so accelerated. Typical analyses and properties of fuel oils* Type Color API gro»ity. 60 F Specific grovity, 60 '60 F Ib per U S gallon, 60 F Viscoi., Centistokes. F Viscoi., Soybolt Univ., F Viscos, Saybalt Furol, F Four point, F Temp, for pumping, F Temp, for atomizing, F Carbon residue, per cent Sulfur, per cent Oxygen and nitrogen, per.

ASTM's plastics standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and assessing the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of a wide variety of materials and products that are made of plastic and its polymeric derivatives.

During processing, these synthetic or semisynthetic organic solids have a very malleable characteristic that allows. MIL-T Turbine Fuel, Aviation, Grades JP-4 and JP-5 MIL-T Turbine Fuel, Aviation, Kerosene Type, Grade JP-8 U.S.

Army Regulation:4 AR Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Contamina-1 These practices are under the jurisdiction ofASTM Committee .However, petroleum fuels in the range from gasoline throughNo 2 fuel oils (includes JP-4) are completely or partially lost inthe solvent removal operation, and oil and grease by EPA method is not applicable to measurement of light hydrocarbons thatvolatilize at temperatures below 70C [].One method used for Fuel 1 mixtures (like JP-4) is.TEST METHOD FOR MIDDLE DISTILLATE FUEL STORAGE STABILITY AT 43 DEGREES C ( DEGREES F) ASTM D R Standard Specification for Petroleum Used for Blending with Creosote (Withdrawn ) MIL T R: TURBINE FUEL, AVIATION, GRADES JP 4 AND JP 5: MIL PRF S: TURBINE FUEL, AVIATION, GRADES JP-4, JP-5 AND JP-5/JP-8 ST.